Este ano 1 de novembro é dia de preceito? Não!

Algumas pessoas, não julgamos a intenção, com um zelo equivocado tem divulgado mensagens afirmando que dia 1 de novembro é dia de preceito este ano pois não poderá ter a festa de todos os santos transferida para o Domingo.

Errado. Vamos aos fatos.

Cân. 1246

§ 1. O domingo, dia em que por tradição apostólica se celebra o mistério pascal, deve ser guardado em toda a Igreja como o dia de festa por excelência. Devem ser guardados igualmente o dia do Natal de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo, da Epifania, da Ascensão e do Santíssimo Corpo e Sangue de Cristo, de Santa Maria, Mãe de Deus, da sua Imaculada Conceição e Assunção, de São José, dos Santos Apóstolos Pedro e Paulo, e, por fim, de Todos os Santos.

§ 2. Todavia, a Conferência dos Bispos, com a prévia aprovação da Sé Apostólica, pode abolir alguns dias de festa de preceito ou transferi-los para o domingo.

E o que a CNBB estabeleceu e documentou no calendário litúrgico oficial de 2014.

3.2 Dias santos de guarda

“Dias de festa”, “dias de preceito”, “festas de preceito” ou, como se diz, “dias santos de guarda”, são dias em que “os fiéis tem obrigação de participar da Missa e devem abster-se das atividades e negócios que impeçam o culto a ser prestado a Deus, a alegria própria do Dia do Senhor e o devido descanso do corpo e da alma” (cân. 1247.)

O domingo é o dia de festa por excelência, em toda a Igreja. No Brasil, além do domingo, as festas de preceito são as seguintes: Natal do Senhor Jesus Cristo (25 de dezembro); SS. Corpo e Sangue de Cristo (quinta-feira após o domingo da Santíssima Trindade); Santa Maria Mãe de Deus (1o de janeiro); Imaculada Conceição de Nossa Senhora (8 de dezembro).

As celebrações da Epifania, da Ascensão, da Assunção de Nossa Senhora, dos Santos Apóstolos Pedro e Paulo e a de Todos os Santos ficam transferidas para o domingo, de acordo com as normas litúrgicas.

O texto acima foi publicado em 2014 e a Conferência Episcopal, órgão competente para esta determinação no país sabe que o dia 1/11 este ano não pode ser transferido para o Domingo (de acordo com as normas litúrgicas), mas mantém, dentro dos poderes que possui pelo Cân. 1246 § 2 que os dias de preceito no Brasil em 2014 são:  “No Brasil, além do domingo, as festas de preceito são as seguintes: Natal do Senhor Jesus Cristo (25 de dezembro); SS. Corpo e Sangue de Cristo (quinta-feira após o domingo da Santíssima Trindade); Santa Maria Mãe de Deus (1o de janeiro); Imaculada Conceição de Nossa Senhora (8 de dezembro).

Portanto no dia 1/11 você não tem obrigação de ir à Missa embora se quiser fazê-lo por devoção à grande Solenidade de Todos os Santos estará executando uma obra meritória.

Lembramos aos que tem insistido no tema do preceito no Brasil no dia 1/11 as palavras do Senhor no Evangelho: “Atam fardos pesados e esmagadores e com eles sobrecarregam os ombros dos homens, mas não querem movê-los sequer com o dedo.” (Mt 23, 4 Bíblia Ave Maria).

Desejamos a todos a intercessão de Todos os Santos.

 

Converts in their twenties: Alvaro Siqueira

Full original in Portuguese.

alvaro pedroso de siqueira Batizado

Last post was about the conversion of Megan Hodder. This week we spoke with Alvaro Siqueira, born in Franco da Rocha in greater São Paulo, Brazil. Alvaro converted to Catholicism last year. Below are the replies he kindly wrote to our questions.

Negócios de Família: Could you tell how you came to be baptized as a Catholic? How did your family react?

Álvaro Siqueira:  The course of my conversion and baptism took about a year and is closely connected with the work of Opus Dei. I was a Protestant because of my family and the little I knew of the Holy Catholic Church was founded on the bias of the evangelical church. After my senior year in high school, I had failed the exam to enter the college and by chance (for providence in reality) I started doing prep school in a place far from where I live. It was there that I met Leonardo Relvas, who told me about “a talk with the Priest” in the Vila Mariana University Centre. I went out of curiosity. Felt a deficiency I did not understand very well; I believed it was due to my lack of education in religion. Although I was taking classes in Protestant doctrine to baptize me (I was not yet baptized or the Protestant church), I acknowledged I knew little about religion and thought the Catholics could lend me a helping hand. But I did not want to mingle, much less take the confession of the Catholic faith, just wanted to give a boost in my study about religion.

I enjoyed the talk and decided to come back again and again. I not only enjoyed the talks (which they call “meditation”), but also the other activities that the University Centre offered. There was the “philosophical debates”, the ” get-together “, the “Pizza Friday” and I could also talk to the priest (later I came to know that this conversation is called the “Spiritual Direction”). I agreed to talk to the Priest because I had doubts about the book of Genesis and he proposed to answer them. It did not take long and that like become a real enjoyment. The Opus Dei was charming. I knew several Catholics, but I had never seen the Catholicism be lived that way and I realized that in fact I did not knew the Catholicism. The members of Opus Dei had in abundance something I was looking for and could not find in the people called “unity of life”. Not that the people I knew did not live the things they say, but when it comes to religion, among the people I knew at the time, no one resembled them. This unity of life was essential for my conversion. There were, right in front of me, people who lived the gospel, who not convinced with words, but with the way they live. However, my conversion would still take some time.

Ten months later it was approaching the date of my baptism in the Presbyterian church. I had already started catechism classes with Pedro Paulo, a member of Opus Dei, and I read the Catechism of the Catholic Church. I was unsure if I should be baptized or not and some friends gave me the advice to postpone the baptism, but it was not easy to do. I had passed through the board of members of the Presbyterian Church and correctly answered the questions they asked me (little did they know that some of those question I answered based on my classes of Catholic catechesis) and I was approved. One of the members of the board said he felt something he had never felt before with that group that would receive the baptism. The pastor had great esteem for me and I also liked him. I had even urged him to have me baptized some months and now that the time had come I was not sure I wanted it. It was then that something wonderful happened, it will increase the size of my answer to this question, but I feel compelled to tell:

It happened in the parish of Our Lady of Conception of Vila, close to where I was doing the prep course. I used to go there with Leonardo Relvas and with Thelli Vieira to attend Mass on Wednesday (I watched the masses more to understand the rite than to participate). I took some lessons there and prayed in between classes. The day before my baptism, in the Presbyterian Church, I went there to pray and I told God how I was apprehensive about my Protestant baptism, which had already been green lighted by the congregation. In the small chapel, besides the Blessed Sacrament, there were two statues, one of Our Lady of Fatima and another of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. In this second statue Jesus points to his heart and with the other hand shows his wounds, as if inviting us to be with him. As I prayed I stared into the Heart, and for a moment I felt that it was not for His own heart that our Lord pointed, but for mine, saying “Look into your heart. I did not place this concern for futile reasons, but so you understand my wishes.” I left sure that I could not be baptized as a protestant.

On the Sunday I was supposed to be baptized I called the Pastor and said I did not want to be baptized. He understood, but he asked me to go to the Sunday service anyway and I went. Because I gave notice of my intention at the last minute I had no time to tell my grandfather that there would be baptized and he was there just to see me. That day all people of my group were baptized, I was in the last chair of the church, a little embarrassed, and the whole church wondered “where’s Alvaro?” Because he had been said I would be baptized that night. I did not stay for the party who succeeded the ablution and I’m not sure the people figured out the reason.

A month has passed and I kept going to the Catholic doctrine classes with Pedro Paulo, as well as the Spiritual Direction with Father Marcus. I was invited a Spiritual Retreat organized by the Opus Dei and it was there that my conversion completed. In the retreat it was the first time I saw the recitation of the Rosary with many people and in the meditations Father Marcus told us about the miracle of Fatima, with details that made ​​me meditate and I believed in the miracle and marvelled at what happened. After this meditation I sat by the shadow of a tree on the house we made the retreat, I made my first prayer to the Virgin Mary, saying ” Mary, I never had you as my mother, I know I always been, I confess that many times I despised you and bad-mouthed you because I was taught to do so. Now I beg you to take me as your son”. And then it began my Marian devotion and following the example of the little shepherds of Fatima, I began to pray the Rosary daily. Thelli was the one who taught me to pray and lent me a booklet.

From that point on I was already more Catholic than Protestant, and I knew much more about the Catholicism. Pedro Paulo said in cheer: “dude, if you already prays the Rosary you are a Catholic!” After that I said to myself “It has come the time to get baptized as a Catholic.”

On May 19th I received the baptism in the parish of Santa Generosa, on the feast of Pentecost, and I was the only one due to a problem in communication. I came to be baptized at 5PM, and the correct hour was 12PM, so I was the only one being baptized at that time. The godparents were Leonardo Relvas and Thelli Vieira , who closely followed my conversion and always guided me, I could not have picked better. My mother was there and despite being Protestant, received well my conversion, even gave me later, to my astonishment, one statue of Our Lady of Aparecida, who she said was beautiful. Three of my friends were there too, Lucas (who later became my confirmation godfather) , Caesar and Amanda , and their presence is noteworthy because the day of my baptism was the championship’s final and their favourite team was playing. They attended to my baptism and did not see their team become champion.

The Rest of my family also accepted my conversion very well. With the exception of an aunt of mine, none of them are practitioners of the religion they profess to have. I pray constantly, specially for my mother, so they convert.

 NF: Of the books you read after your conversion, which was what most impressed you and why?

AS: It certainly was “The Rosary” by St. Josemaría Escrivá. In this book we learn to experience each of the mysteries of the Rosary so it seems that some day we were in Palestine, along with Christ, Mary, Joseph and the apostles. We learn to share the joy and sorrows of Our Lady, we take Christ in our lap after he was born, we see him ascend to heaven and disappear through the clouds, we sought, next to Jose, Jesus in each caravan and cry because we didn’t find him. I remember that after reading “The Holy Rosary” was so fond of the Holy Family I kind of feel part of it; that was a experience I had never had as Protestant. “The Holy Rosary” was crucial to bring me closer to Christ.

Converts in their twenties: Megan Hodder

Original em Português: Negócios de Família

Megan Hodder

We are starting today a series of posts about people who converted to catholicism by their 20′s. Megan Hodder, 21, was born in Isle Wight, England and currently lives in London, she converted to the Catholic faith recently. She was very kind to concede this interview to the blog Negocios de Familia which we publish below. You can follow Megan in the Twitter and subscribe to her blog.”

Negócios de Família: Can you tell us about your path to Catholicism and how the people close to you reacted?
Megan Hodder: I became interested in other belief systems in my last two years of school, when I realised that the atheism I had been brought up with and had always taken for granted did not have the necessary conceptual depth to deal with complex ethical issues, in particular bioethical issues such as abortion and euthanasia. I began to see that utilitarianism either led to intuitively unethical outcomes or collapsed into complete subjectivity, as coherent moral reasoning required the existence of an objective standard of goodness which cannot be hypothesised within a wholly material universe. To my surprise, I found that the greatest depth of thought, and the most plausible conception of objective morality, was to be found in theories which presupposed theism.

When I started thinking like this I made an attempt to remind myself of how wrong theism was by reading Pope Benedict XVI. Ironically this backfired completely. Rather than convincing me of the superiority of atheism, this introduced me to the concept of God as Logos, a self-expressing standard of goodness and objective truth towards which our reason is oriented, and to the notion of the human conscience as the means through which moral truth is perceived. I wasn’t sure what to do about my new beliefs until I made friends with several Catholics who taught me by their example how it was possible to integrate faith in Christ into ordinary modern life. I decided to get baptised.

My family and friends were very surprised by my decision, and some disapproved. However most of them are now used to the fact I am a Catholic and accept it, even though for a time things were very awkward. I think this is inevitable – the Gospel isn’t intended to be uncontroversial, after all. I am most open about my Catholicism with my mother who has met my Catholic friends and gets on with them well.

NF: The conversion is a first step, what do you think will be your story in the next years? Have you considered what God wants from you?
MH: Conversion is not just the first step in my Catholic story, but the second step and the third step and every step after that. Ongoing conversion to Christ, through prayer and the sacraments, is essential at every stage of Christian life.

At the moment I’m still familiarising myself with the Church, its sacraments, its patterns of its liturgy, its saints and its ways of prayer. My focus is on developing my interior life and finding my spirituality before beginning to discern my vocation in earnest.

Recently I’ve started to feel particularly drawn towards the Dominican order, but whether that is as a married laywoman or as a religious sister I still have no idea. For now, I am simply learning more about how to pray, how to grow in virtue, and how to love others. To work out what God is saying to me, I first need to learn how to listen better!

NF: What’s your views on the new atheism movement? How young catholic people should prepare for those debates?
MH: I think the appeal of the New Atheists is more political than philosophical. In intellectual terms, there is no argument posited by Dawkins, Harris, or Dennett that has not already been made by more accomplished atheist thinkers such as Bertrand Russell, David Hume, Karl Marx or Friedrich Nietzsche. What is different is that while these earlier thinkers saw their atheism as one component of their worldview, New Atheists view their lack of belief in God as central and all-encompassing. This makes for an underdeveloped, conceptually shallow worldview, and its popularity comes not from its usefulness as a means of seeking truth or of guiding human action, but from its ability to tap into current fears and concerns about the role of religion in world affairs. There’s no doubt that religious extremism is a serious problem in the world today. But to conflate religious extremism with religion per se, as New Atheists do, is theologically and historically illiterate.

When debating New Atheists, know the philosophical arguments they use – I’d recommend reading theologians such as Edward Feser and Fr Thomas Crean. But be aware that the key point to be rebutted is their belief that religious individuals cannot contribute meaningfully to public debate, and that religious ideas can only hold back human progress. Know how Christian teaching can be applied to topical ethical issues, and the aspects of the Church’s teaching and the Church’s legacy that New Atheists misrepresent. For that I’d recommend your country’s branch of Catholic Voices.

Um ano do site Horário de Missa

O site horariodemissa.com.br completou ontem, 02 de janeiro, seu primeiro aniversário. A idéia era fazer um site colaborativo onde as pessoas pudessem enviar os dados de suas paróquias para que pessoas de outras cidades ou que não fossem daquela paróquia, pudessem procurar missas e confissões.

Depois de pouco mais de três meses de desenvolvimento inicial intenso e a coleta de dados de mil igrejas no Rio de Janeiro e em São Paulo fizemos o lançamento oficial do site em 02/01/2013.

Atualmente já contamos com 8.470 igrejas cadastradas e 21.586 horários de missa em cidades de todos os estados do Brasil.

1 Ano do Site - Mapa das igrejas cadastradas

1 Ano do Site – Mapa das igrejas cadastradas

No primeiro mês tivemos apenas 3.000 visitas no site. Aos poucos ele foi ficando conhecido e conseguimos fechar o ano com 750.000 visitas, das quais, só em dezembro foram quase 140.000, com um record de acessos na véspera do Natal.

Nestes 12 meses de existência, diariamente recebemos dezenas de e-mails inusitados. Há de tudo. O mais comum, sem dúvida, é recebermos pedidos de segunda-via de certidões de batismo, o que não podemos fazer. O segundo mais comum é um email onde a pessoa pergunta somente “vai haver missa hoje?”, mas não informa nem a cidade, nem o bairro, nem o nome da igreja. Talvez um dia façamos um post com as melhores pérolas desses e-mails inusitados.

Além desses e-mails, recebemos também diariamente dados de paróquias que ainda não estão na nossa base de dados ou horários que ainda não estavam cadastrados. Temos muito que agradecer a essas pessoas que se dispõem a colaborar com os outros enviando esses dados.

Apesar de termos praticamente 80% das igrejas católicas brasileiras cadastradas, ainda precisamos de dados e horários de muitas igrejas no Brasil para termos uma abrangência maior e para que mais pessoas possam conseguir saber os horários de missa.

Que em 2014 consigamos completar todas as paróquias do Brasil para que mais pessoas possam conseguir assistir à Missa, se confessar e ter acesso aos sacramentos! Colabore conosco, envie os dados e horários da sua paróquia para completarmos o site. Divulgue o site entre seus amigos!

No Angelus de hoje, Papa Francisco faz apelo pela paz

Segue abaixo o texto original

Hoje, queridos irmãos e irmãs, queria fazer-me intérprete do grito que se eleva, com crescente angústia, em todos os cantos da terra, em todos os povos, em cada coração, na única grande família que é a humanidade: o grito da paz! É um grito que diz com força: queremos um mundo de paz, queremos ser homens e mulheres de paz, queremos que nesta nossa sociedade, dilacerada por divisões e conflitos, possa irromper a paz! Nunca mais a guerra! Nunca mais a guerra! A paz é um dom demasiado precioso, que deve ser promovido e tutelado.

Vivo com particular sofrimento e com preocupação as várias situações de conflito que existem na nossa terra; mas, nestes dias, o meu coração ficou profundamente ferido por aquilo que está acontecendo na Síria, e fica angustiado pelos desenvolvimentos dramáticos que se preanunciam.

Dirijo um forte Apelo pela paz, um Apelo que nasce do íntimo de mim mesmo! Quanto sofrimento, quanta destruição, quanta dor causou e está causando o uso das armas naquele país atormentado, especialmente entre a população civil e indefesa! Pensemos em quantas crianças não poderão ver a luz do futuro! Condeno com uma firmeza particular o uso das armas químicas! Ainda tenho gravadas na mente e no coração as imagens terríveis dos dias passados! Existe um juízo de Deus e também um juízo da história sobre as nossas ações aos quais não se pode escapar! O uso da violência nunca conduz à paz. Guerra chama mais guerra, violência chama mais violência.

Com todas as minhas forças, peço às partes envolvidas no conflito que escutem a voz da sua consciência, que não se fechem nos próprios interesses, mas que olhem para o outro como um irmão e que assumam com coragem e decisão o caminho do encontro e da negociação, superando o confronto cego. Com a mesma força, exorto também a Comunidade Internacional a fazer todo o esforço para promover, sem mais demora, iniciativas claras a favor da paz naquela nação, baseadas no diálogo e na negociação, para o bem de toda a população síria.

Que não se poupe nenhum esforço para garantir a ajuda humanitária às vítimas deste terrível conflito, particularmente os deslocados no país e os numerosos refugiados nos países vizinhos. Que os agentes humanitários, dedicados a aliviar os sofrimentos da população, tenham garantida a possibilidade de prestar a ajuda necessária.

O que podemos fazer pela paz no mundo? Como dizia o Papa João XXIII, a todos corresponde a tarefa de estabelecer um novo sistema de relações de convivência baseados na justiça e no amor (cf. Pacem in terris, [11 de abril de 1963]: AAS 55 [1963], 301-302).

Possa uma corrente de compromisso pela paz unir todos os homens e mulheres de boa vontade! Trata-se de um forte e premente convite que dirijo a toda a Igreja Católica, mas que estendo a todos os cristãos de outras confissões, aos homens e mulheres de todas as religiões e também àqueles irmãos e irmãs que não creem: a paz é um bem que supera qualquer barreira, porque é um bem de toda a humanidade.

Repito em alta voz: não é a cultura do confronto, a cultura do conflito, aquela que constrói a convivência nos povos e entre os povos, mas sim esta: a cultura do encontro, a cultura do diálogo: este é o único caminho para a paz.

Que o grito da paz se erga alto para que chegue até o coração de cada um, e que todos abandonem as armas e se deixem guiar pelo desejo de paz.

Por isso, irmãos e irmãs, decidi convocar para toda a Igreja, no próximo dia 7 de setembro, véspera da Natividade de Maria, Rainha da Paz, um dia de jejum e de oração pela paz na Síria, no Oriente Médio, e no mundo inteiro, e convido também a unir-se a esta iniciativa, no modo que considerem mais oportuno, os irmãos cristãos não católicos, aqueles que pertencem a outras religiões e os homens de boa vontade.

No dia 7 de setembro, na Praça de São Pedro, aqui, das 19h00min até as 24h00min, nos reuniremos em oração e em espírito de penitência para invocar de Deus este grande dom para a amada nação síria e para todas as situações de conflito e de violência no mundo. A humanidade precisa ver gestos de paz e escutar palavras de esperança e de paz! Peço a todas as Igrejas particulares que, além de viver este dia de jejum, organizem algum ato litúrgico por esta intenção.

Peçamos a Maria que nos ajude a responder à violência, ao conflito e à guerra com a força do diálogo, da reconciliação e do amor. Ela é mãe: que Ela nos ajude a encontrar a paz; todos nós somos seus filhos! Ajudai-nos, Maria, a superar este momento difícil e a nos comprometer a construir, todos os dias e em todo lugar, uma autêntica cultura do encontro e da paz. Maria, Rainha da paz, rogai por nós!

Ave Regina Pacis - Hail Mary of Peace

Papa Francisco tem especial devoção a Nossa Senhora desatadora de nós

Copio da Wikipedia:

O título de Nossa Senhora Desatadora dos Nós, surgiu em 1700, com uma pintura do artista alemão Johann Schmidtner. A pintura, de 1,10 metros de largura por 1,82 metros de altura, encontra-se na capela de St. Peter am Perlach, em Augsburgo naAlemanhaPapa Francisco trouxe para Buenos Aires (Argentina), cartões-postais da imagem onde ele sempre desde venerado no Igreja de San José del Talar.

O artista, ao criar este painel, inspirou-se em Ap 12,1: “Apareceu um grande sinal no céu: uma mulher revestida do sol (Mãe de Deus), a lua debaixo de seus pés (Imaculada Conceição), e na cabeça uma coroa de doze estrelas (Mãe da Igreja)”; e na frase de Santo Irineu: “Eva, por sua desobediência, atou o nó da desgraça para o gênero humano; Maria por sua obediência, o desatou”.

Sobre a Virgem o Espírito Santo derrama suas luzes. Um dos anjos entrega a Maria uma fita com nós grandes e pequenos, separados e juntos, apertados e frouxos, que simboliza a nossa culpa original. Um outro anjo recebe das mãos de Maria a fita que cai livremente com os nós desfeitos. Significa uma vida mergulhada em Deus e na sua misericórdia e o poder libertador das mãos de Maria.

Na parte inferior do quadro, percebe-se uma área escura, simbolizando as sombras que dominam a terra. Nessa escuridão, vê-se um homem sendo guiado por um anjo até o topo da montanha. Na interpretação de muitas pessoas, trata-se do arcanjo Rafael, que acompanha Tobias e o ajuda a encontrar Sara, sua esposa, escolhida por Deus.

Nossa Senhora desatadora de nós